Thomas HEADY married 24 June 1749 to Rebecca STILLWELL

Date: Tuesday, 16 February 1999 11:20

I am not researching the Drake surname.  They married into my Heady family.

(1725\1728 NJ-1799 KY)
(1733   -1804 KY)


My maternal 6th. great grandfather Thomas HEADY born ca. 1725 in New Jersey
, d. 1799 in Nelson Co., Kentucky, married 24 June 1749 in Jersey City,
Bergen Co., NJ to Rebecca STILLWELL (b ca. 1733 and died 1804 in Kentucky).

Thomas and Rebecca had the following children:
1.	Rebecca m. John DRAKE
2.	Mary m. John SILKWOOD
3.	Thomas Jr. b. ca. 1750 NJ, d. 1811 KY, m. Elizabeth LLOYD
4.	Martha b. 1750 NJ, m. 1769 in PA to John GOODWIN
5.	Elizabeth b. ca 1754 in NJ, m. Obadiah TRUAX Sr.
6.	James b. 1758 NJ, d. ca. 1835 Spencer Co., KY, m. 1779 in Fayette Co.,
PA to Eleanor JACKSON
7.	Sillwell b. 1763, d. Oct 1834 in Switzerland Co., IN, m. 1787 to Rebecca
8.	Charity b. ca. 1765 NJ, m. ca. 1785 PA to John McINDOO (my maternal 5th.
great grandparents)

Thomas lived in New Jersey then moved to Georges TWP, Fayett Co., PA ca.
1769 and then from there to Nelson Co., KY ca. 1785.  In 1971, there was a
Heady Family Newsletter by Pat Heady Green & Dr. Earl O. Heady.  Thomas
Heady Sr.'s will was dated 17 Aug 1799 in Bardstown, Nelson Co., KY. 


According to the Pennsylvania archives, the Heady and McEndoo families
lived in Georges Township, probably near New Geneva in the present
Nicholson Township, Fayette County, Pa.  Thomas Heady owned land which was
probably very fertile and lay near the mouth of Georges Creek and near the
east bank of the Monongahela River, a short distance north of the boundary
of West Virginia.  During the Revolution this area was in Monongalia
County, being a portion of Augusta County, VA.  At the same time
Pennsylvania claimed all of the present southwestern Pennsylvania, and this
area in 1771 was in Cumberland County; from 1771 to 1773, in Bedford
County; from 1773 to 1783, in Westmoreland County; and in 1783 it became a
part of Fayette County.  The Headys were here from 1773 to 1787, but
probably came five years earlier from New Jersey over much of the road now
called Route 40.

According to a history of Fayette County, Georges Township had fertile
valleys and early became one of the most populous and important townships
of that county.  In 1787 the number of property owners in it had increased
until there were more than 200, including the Headys, one or two
Stillwells, and some of the families into who the Heady daughters married. 
Thomas Heady Sr, owned 135 acres; James Heady, 240 acres; Stilwell Heady,
12 acres; and Robert Sturgeon, (Charity McIndoo's second husband), 50
acres.  These figures came from the 1792 Tax records for Nelson County,

John Headdy, probably a nephew of our Thomas, was the only one of the
Pennsylvania Headys in the Revolution.  Our Thomas was too old, but his son
Thomas was then of military age although his sons James and Stillwell were
too young.

According to the will of Thomas Heady, Sr., dated Bardstown, Ky., county
seat of Nelson County, 1799, the year in which George Washington died, he
bequeathed his estate to his wife (Rebecca Stillwell) and to his three sons
and five married daughters.

Thomas Heady Sr., was still alive in 1804, and if he died in 1805 he
probably was 77 years of age; and if his wife (Rebecca Stillwell) died in
1809, she was probably 76 years of age.

According to the will of Thomas Heady Jr., dated Bardstown, 1811, his wife
was Elizabeth and his children were Elisha, Jacob, Stilwell, James, Elijah,
Elias, Thomas, and Sally.  This shows that Thomas who still lived in
Fayette County, Pa, in 1790 had moved to KY.

	1727-1734 PAGE 143 1\2

License of marriage was granted by his Excellency Jonathan Belcher Esq.
Governor _______unto Thomas Heady of the province of New Jersey of the one
part and Rebecca Stillwell of Egg Harbour, Widdow on the Twenty fourth day
of June 1749.


Thomas Heady Sr. and Rebecca Stillwell were married 24 June 1749.  We have
not established the date Headys migrated to America (we're working on it). 
Old records show these Headys (the names spelled thus) in Newark Twp.,
Essex Co., NJ between 1664 and 1712; Robert, Joseph, Ebenezer, Jebadiah,
Nehemiah and Eleazer.  We expect one of these to be the father or
grandfather of Thomas Sr.	Also in Newark Twp. during this period were Jacob
Drake, Gerardus Drake, Amos Goodwine families migrated together, marrying
back and forth for over a century.  Headys and Stillwells were still
marrying in Nelson Co., Ky., as late as 1856.  One unverified report has
Thomas Heady Sr. born at Jersey, Hudson Co., NJ in 1725.  A Richard Heady
migrated to Lancaster Co., VA, in 1654, but we haven't yet established
linkage.  Headys also were in Cataret Co., NC & Northampton Co., VA in
1750, but we have yet to establish the connection.

We have much early information on the Stillwell family.  We have yet to
prove it, but we believe Rebecca's father was Nicholas Stillwell who died
15 May 1759 at Shrewsbury, NJ & her brothers Richard, Joseph & Elias
migrated to PA and KY also. Nicholas Stillwell, the emigrant came to
Manhattan Island in 1639 (but has been reported in VA. for a short time
prior).  Nicholas and his sons were leading citizens in the settlement &
development of Manhattan, Gravesend (Brooklyn), and Staten Island. 
Apparently they owned parts of Coney Island at Various times.  We'll devote
a future issue to the Stillwells as soon as we make a positive connection.

Thomas Heady, Sr., born circa 1725 probably in NJ, married 24 June 1749 in
Egg Harbor, NJ.  Thomas listed as being from Gloucester or Hudson Co., NJ,
died 1799 in Nelson County, KY.  His will probated 1804.  We find records
of Thomas in Fayette Co., PA in 1769.  In 1773 he shows up on Bedford Co.,
Tax rolls and in 1783 in Westmoreland Co.,  By 1785 we find him (with sons
Thomas Jr. & James) back in Fayette Co., Georges Twp., PA. (It is possible
these were all the same county shifting back & forth between PA & VA).  We
note here that the surname is spelled HEDDY, HEADDY, HADDY, HEADY.  The 2
properties of Thomas Sr. & Thomas Jr. in Fayette Co., PA were adjoining and
not far from Brownfield, PA.  Obediah Truax's land adjoined and so did John
Reiley's.  John Goodwine lived close by, as did the Stillwell brothers and
Drakes.  In 1793 Nelson Co., KY the Hite heirs sold to Thomas Heddy of
Nelson Co., for 5 pounds part of a 2,000 acre tract containing 200 acres
near Thompson's and Simpson's Creeks.   Thomas Heady was a witness to a
deed on 1 Dec. 1791 in Nelson Co., KY.  In 1787 Bourbon Co., Ky.  Thomas
Headdy signed petition #54 requesting a division of Bourbon Co., KY.,
stating the signers lived on the limestone settlements near the Ohio River
and 40 miles from the county seat.  So we're fairly sure Thomas Heady Sr.
and wife Rebecca & children & grandchildren were in Ky., by 1787.  (Bourbon
Co. originally included Nelson Co., )  Two of Thomas Sr's sons, Thomas Jr.
& James, lived their remaining lives in the original Nelson Co., (parts of
Spencer Co.) and the 3rd. son, Stillwell Heady, moved to Switzerland Co.,

Rebecca Stillwell, we haven't found dates on Rebecca yet, but her brothers
also moved to Nelson Co., Ky.  She evidential dies in 1803/4.

	17 AUG. 1799

Item I--I lend unto my beloved wife Rebecca Heady one third part of the
land whereon I live during her natural life.  I also send unto my said wife
my Negro woman called Pheby and her child Siody during her natural life,
and also lend to my said wife during her natural life one third part of
every other species of property that I possess together with all debits

Item II--I give and bequeath to my son Stillwell Heady two thirds of the
land I live on, and at my wife's death I give to my said son Stillwell
Heady to pay to the other of my legatees the sum of thirty pounds in good
trade which land I give to my said son Stillwell Heady.  At my wife's death
my desire is that all my personal property and Negroes be sold and the
money arising therefrom to be equally divided amongst my children namely
Thomas Heady, Martha Goodin, Elizabeth Collins, Rebeckah Drake, James
Heady, Mary Silkwood, and Charity Sturgeon,  my son Stillwell Heady
executors of this my last will & testament.


Kentucky was for many years Kentucky Co., Virginia.  Our Headys are found
in early Bourbon Co.  As in the case of PA, the counties changed boundaries
and it appeared that our Headys were moving quite a bit, where actually
they were in the same place. The early census records of KY, were burned in
the capital building by the British during the War of 1812, so we only have
the county tax lists as an indication as to which Headys were there.  The
1792 Nelson Co., KY, tax list shows: Thomas Heady Sr. along with his sons,
Thomas Jr., James and Stillwell.


Thomas Heady Sr., was granted a warrant for 245 acres called Inclosure on
29 May 1770.  Surveyed on Order Survey 3567 dated June 27, 1769.  It was
situated on the west side of Laurel Hill in the new purchase Cumberland
Co., Pennsylvania.  (Freemn Lewis Unofficial Surveys Book 3 page 91,
Gilmore's Unofficial Records Book 3 page 34, 41, Official Records Book 1
page 38, Warrant Book H page 277 and page 111 1\2.


The Great BETHEL Baptist Church was organized in 1770, GS film 861,077. 
Rebeckah Heady and Elizabeth Truax were granted Letters of Dismission,
along with other: Abraham Osborne, Morris Osborne and his wife.  Among the
members were Abraham, Jacob and Lettice Van Meter, John Griffith, John
Hardin, Bett Drago, Rebecca Truax.


Thomas Heady before moving to Fayette County, Pennsylvania in 1769, lived
in Tonoloway Settlement, Pennsylvania.

West Side Application #1138, Land Office of Pennsylvania, Department of
Community Affairs, Harrisburg, Penn.

Jacket Cover: Application of John Melott and others 8 Sept. 1766.  Obediah
Truax applies for an order to survey for his use one hundred acres of land
adjoining Elias Stillwell and Thomas Heady on the Meeting House ridge in
Conoloways Settlement including his improvement begun in October 1765 in
Air Township Cumberland County.

Thomas Heady applies for an order to Survey for his use of fifty acres of
land adjoining Elias Stillwell and Joseph Warford on the West Branch of
Conoloways Creek in Air Township Cumberland County.


The stream now known as Tonoloway Creek, but called "Konolawa" by the
Indians living along its banks and "The Cononlloways" by the white settles,
follows a meandering course through the southern part of present Foulton
Count, Pennsylvania, crossing the boundary line into Maryland about three
miles before it joins the Potomac at a pint just below that river's
northernmost bend.

The Big and Little Tonoloway Settlements lay about five miles north of the
Potomac along branches of Tonoloway Creek and immediately west of the large
and small basis named, respectively, the Great (Big) Cove and Little Cove. 
These settlements had been founded by a few Scotch-Irish immigrants, at
least one Welch family (that of Evan Shelby), and a band of Monmouth
county, New Jersey families, which included those of Mises Graham, William
Linn, Joseph Warford, Adam Stiger, John Melott, Benjamin Truaz, Elias,
Richard and Jeramiah Stillwell and Thomas Heady, Gavin Eddy, Samuel Hedden,
the Coombs, Belieus, Applegates and no doubt, others. Whether the Monmouth
county families came as a unit or over a period of several years, is not
known, but they were all there by 1765 or earlier.

The precise date of the first settlement on the Tonoloways is difficult to
establish.  Some historians claim that settlers arrived as early as 1731,
but others assert that 1741 was a more realistic date.  The STILLWELL
FAMILY HISTORY states that one source places Elias Stillwell on the
Tonoloways as early as 1735.  Although that seems a bit early to us, other
families can be proved to have been in the area by that time, so it may be
true that he was there that early.

The settlers purchased the land on which they settled from the Indians, and
reportedly, had little trouble with them until about 1750, in which year
the Indians appealed to the proprietary government of Pennsylvania for the
return of their lands, alleging they had been defrauded by a few trinkets
and other items of little value, and drawing attention to the fact that
settlement west of the Kittantinny mountains was a violation of the treaty
in effect at that time.  At length, the Pennsylvania authorities responded
by sending out magistrates, accompanied by troops, to drive the settlers
off their lands in the Great Cove.  Most of the settlers pleaded guilty of
settling on unpurchased lands, paid their fines and returned to their lands
as soon as the magistrates left.  Since the Little Cove and the Big and
Little Tonoloways were on the borders of Maryland "the magistrates declined
going there, and departed for their homes."

After Braddock's defeat at Pittsburgh in 1755, the Indians began raiding
throughout the frontiers.  They revenged themselves on the Great Cove on
the first of Nov 1755, and raided the Tonoloways on the 28th. of January
1756.  According to the Pennsylvania Gazette issue of Feb. 12, 1756, "they
killed and scalped James Leaton, Catherine Stillwell and one of her
children were killed and scalped, and two other carried off; one about
eight, the other three years old.  Her husband was at a neighbor's house
when his wife was attacked and from thence got into Coom's fort". 
Catherine Stillwell was the wife of Richard Stillwell.  There was also a
great loss of cattle, and horses and many houses were burned.

Apparently, about this time there was some attempt by Maryland, as well, to
drive the settlers off the Tonoloways.  A petition dated Sept. 29, 1755,
was sent to Governor Morris from the settlers setting forth that "these few
lines to inform you were are very much imposed upon by ye Sheriff of
Frederick County in Maryland in coming to take our lands from us by a
Maryland Right which we have had surveyed by Mr. William Lyon Surveyor
under Mr. John Armstrong Surveyor for Cumberland County in Pennsylvania
last spring.....said sheriff Peter Butler has got surveyed by bringing a
Captain and a parcel of soldiers to guard him while he was so
doing.....Threats were made by him that in two or three weeks he would come
back and take all the land from the forks of Tonoloways Creek down to ye
mouth thereof, and all goods, chattels, horses, or anything he could find.

Thomas Heady did not sign this petition nor does his name 
appear on other petitions from the settlement (1750-1757).  

Early history of the Tonoloways Settlements is practically nonexistent as
far as anything of value to genealogical research is concerned.  As far as
we can find, there are no land records, no tax assessments, no court
records, and as usual in American frontier areas, few religious records.

Land claims and purchases were not recorded before about 1760.  All of the
settlements west of the Kittantinny mountains before that year were made
illegally in the eyes of the Proprietors of Pennsylvania.  It was the
policy of the Penns to allow settlement on the western lands only after
they had purchased such lands from the Indians.  The purchase of the lands
drained by the Tonoloways and those surrounding did not occur until July 6,
1754.  Deals of private parties with the Indians were not recognized. 
While it is true that a very few nondescriptive warrants were issued by
Pennsylvania as early as 1749, in general, the settlers of this area were
considered squatters on Indian lands, holding their claims solely by reason
of occupancy and any title they claimed was recognized only by the other

The scanty Baptist church records are the best records we have of the
members of the Tonoloway Settlement.  Adjacent to the property then owned
by Elias Stillwell is the old Tonoloway Baptist Church which was attended
by most of the settlers of British extraction and some others.  Although
the tombstones in its churchyard are its only extant records, they are
often the means of connecting the pioneers buried there with their past. 
Unfortunately for us, there are no Heady stones, but many of the Stillwells
and Truaxs still stand.


The treaty of Fort Stanwix, signed Nov. t, 1768, by which the Six Nations
of Indians ceded to Thomas and Richard Penn for the consideration of ten
thousand pounds, the tract of land in which the southwestern and some more
northerly counties of PA
now lie, legally opened the lands west of the crest of the Alleghenies for
settlement.  Measures were taken immediately to prepare the newly purchased
lands for sale to settlers.  On the 23rd of Feb. 1769, the Penns published
an advertisement for the general information of the public, to the effect
that their land office in Philadelphia would be open on the "3rd of April
next following at ten o'clock A.M." to receive applications from all
persons desiring to take up lands in the new purchase at the rate of "five
pounds sterling per one hundreds acres, and one penny per acre per annum

"It being known that great numbers of people would attend ready to give in
their locations at the same instant, it was the opinion of the Governor and
proprietary agents that the most unexceptionable method of receiving the
locations would be to put them all together (after being received from the
people) into a box or trunk, and after mixing them well together draw them
out and number them in the order they should be drawn, in order to
determine the preference of those respecting vacant lands.  Those who had
settled plantations, especially those who had settled by permission of the
commanding officers to the westward, were declared to have a preference." 
The plan of drawing the names of applicants by lot was discontinued after
about three months and the warrants were issued regularly on receipt of

Thomas Heady's tract on Georges Creek, called "Inclosure", and that of
Thomas Heady Jr. adjoining it, called "Elder Bottom" were surveyed June 27,
1769, and the PA warrants were issued on them May 29, 1770.  Although now
in Fayette Co., Pa, these lands were in the boundaries of old Cumberland
Co., at the time.

From the above mentioned surveys and the fact that Thomas Heady was taxed
for the last time for his land on Conolloways Creek in 1768, we have fixed
the tentatively, the date of his crossing the Alleghenies as the spring o
1769, although it is just as likely that he had a post there or even
improvements held on "Tomahawk Right" much earlier, as did many of the
earlier settlers, including the closest neighbors, the Brownfields.

Not much is known of their life there, except that the soil was good, the
game plentiful, that they attended the Great Bethel Baptist church at
Uniontown, and that the Revolutionary War was raging during the time they
stayed there.  Of the part they played in this struggle, little is known
except that their son, James, served in the Continental Army from Virginia.
 Most of the troubles of the settlers of Fayette county during the
Revolution were in the war's early years (from 1779 to 1793) and came at
the hands of the Indians incited by the British in Canada and by traitors
such as Simon Girty, a former neighbor in the Tonoloway Settlement.

Again a border dispute was with them, this time between Pennsylvania and
Virginia, although they were not affected so much by it as the settlers
west of the Monongahela.  It is only logical that Thomas Heady Sr., having
a firm land title from PA would favor that state.  However, his name
appears on a petition from the western frontiersmen asking that the area
between the crest of the Alleghenies and the Ohio river, extending down to
include West VA, and part of Kentucky, be made the thirteenth state.  The
New Country was in no position to antagonize two of its most powerful
states, Virginia & Pennsylvania, by depriving them of any of their
territory, so nothing came of the people's desire to govern themselves at
that time.

The Headys left in 1788, moving to Limestone (Maysville) and staying about
two years, then settling on Cox's Creek in Nelson County, Kentucky, where
Thomas Heady dies about 1799 and his wife, Rebecca, a few years later.

	10 MARCH 1788

Thomas Haddy Senior sold to George Troutman for the sum of 250 pounds 300
acres of land on Little Creek.  This was land issued to Thomas Heady by the
Secretary of the land office in the Province of Pennsylvania #3567.

Signed by Thomas Haddy Senior

his X mark

Susan Peters Zmrzel
P.O. Box 10097
Ft. Mojave, AZ 86427